Original Medicare is also known as Medicare Part A and Part B.
Medicare Part B covers medical care, such as doctor visits and outpatient therapy.
Medicare Part A covers hospital and facility costs.
Medicare was started in 1965 to provide medical insurance to people age 65 and older. Medicare is a public health insurance program available in two ways: Original Medicare and Medicare Advantage Plan (Part C). The basics of Medicare coverage are Part A, Part B, Part C, and Part D.
The most popular plan is Original Medicare (Parts A and B), but there has been a steady rise in Medicare Advantage popularity. If you’re new to Medicare, your coverage options may seem complicated. Don’t worry. We have answers to common questions about Medicare.
If you or a loved one is looking into Medicare, we’ll walk you through what’s covered.
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The short answer is hospital insurance. Medicare Part A covers your costs for hospital visits or other facilities. For example, Part A will include your room charges for a hospital visit. Here are the services that are usually covered by your Part A plan:
- Inpatient care in a hospital
- Skilled nursing facility
- Nursing home care (when needed for short-term rehabilitation; not long-term)
- Some home health care
- Hospice care
A Note About Hospital Stays and Part A
The term “hospital insurance” can be misleading. Part A doesn’t cover all hospital services at the same rates. If a hospital admits you for care, usually an emergency visit, Medicare covers your stay.
Medicare Part B coverage includes your doctor visits and actual care. It’s the medical insurance portion of Medicare. This is also where you get the bulk of your benefits. Medicare Part B coverage includes:
- Medically necessary services
- Preventive services
- Ambulance services
- Outpatient care
- Mental health
- Durable medical equipment (DME)
Medicare Part B covers any visit to a healthcare provider that accepts Medicare.
Part B Deductible and Coverage Limits
The Part B deductible, may go up or down year-to-year. Once you reach the deductible amount, you pay only 20% of Medicare-approved services for the rest of your benefit year. Medicare pays 80% of costs after deductible.
For example: After your deductible is satisfied, a $100 doctor visit will cost you $20 (20%), and Medicare will pay $80.
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- Long-term care
- Dental care
- Cosmetic or plastic surgery
- Hearing aids
- Foot care
- Prescription drugs
Prescription Drug Plan
Original Medicare (Parts A and B) does not include prescription drug coverage. Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (Part D) is a standalone plan that can be added to Original Medicare to cover prescription drugs.
Along with Part D, other plans are available to work alongside your Original Medicare or offer an alternative to Original Medicare altogether.
Medicare Supplement Insurance (Medigap)
Medicare Supplement Insurance (Medigap) has ten different plans, all of which offer different services designed to cover medical issues or costs not picked up by Part A or Part B.
PROS: many coverage options, different levels of protection
CONS: Comprehensive options like Plan C and Plan F are not available to individuals enrolling in Medicare after Jan. 1, 2020.
Also known as Medicare Part C, Medicare Advantage typically bundles Part A, Part B and Part D together and offers coverage through private carriers.
PROS: Low monthly costs and deductibles
CONS: Copayments and coinsurance costs, a regional provider network
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