How Does Medicare and Medicaid Work Together?
You may qualify for both Medicare and Medicaid, and it’s called Dual-Eligible
Reviewed by: Michael Howard, Licensed Insurance Agent. Written by: Andrew Hall.
What to know
When you qualify for Medicare and MedicaidMedicaid is a state-based health insurance program based on an individual's financial needs., you are dual-eligible. Dual-eligibility allows beneficiaries to combine Medicare and Medicaid benefits to expand coverage and assist with costs. It is not a separate plan.
How It Works
Most seniors qualify for Medicare at age 65. Some seniors on a fixed income also qualify for Medicaid due to low income or limited resources. An individual under 65 receiving Social Security Disability Insurance can have Medicaid and later enroll in Medicare after 24 months of receiving Social Security Disability benefits, or upon reaching the age of 65.
Medicaid benefits cover additional costs outside of Medicare coverage, and some benefits not covered by Medicare.
How Do I Enroll
If you are eligible for Medicaid and Medicare, you can enroll directly into the Medicare program or work with a GoHealth licensed insurance agent.
If you are having trouble covering the cost of your medical services and are eligible, you might want to consider the Medicaid program. If you are considering Medicare, or are currently enrolled in a Medicare plan but struggle to afford the costs, you may qualify for both Medicare and Medicaid.
Medicaid is an assistance program. For anyone that qualifies, Medicaid enrollment is open the entire year. Most Medicaid enrollees lack access to affordable quality health insurance. Medicaid patients usually do not pay the costs of covered medical services. When it’s time to enroll in Medicaid, it is essential to know your state-level program follows federal guidelines for standard coverage but may have expanded coverage.
Medicare is a public health insurance program. Most people that use Medicare are 65 years of age or older. Patients pay part of their medical costs through deductibles and premiums. Medicare is a federal program and is administered the same nearly everywhere in the United States. Medicare enrollment is available at specific times during the year, including Initial Enrollment, Annual Enrollment Period (AEP), Medicare Advantage Open Enrollment (OEP), and Special Election Periods (SEP).
The short answer is Yes. If you receive coverage from both Medicaid and Medicare, you’re a “dually eligible beneficiary.” If you are dual-eligible, you may be enrolled in Medicare and then qualify for Medicaid, or enroll first in Medicaid but later qualify for Medicare. Medicaid assists low-income seniors, and people with disabilities also enrolled in Medicare.
How does dual eligibility work?
Dual-eligible beneficiaries can have:
- Medicare Part AMedicare Part A, also called "hospital insurance," covers the care you receive while admitted to the hospital, skilled nursing facility, or other inpatient services. Medicare Part A is one of the pain parts of Original Medicare.
- Medicare Part BMedicare Part B is the portion of Medicare that covers your medical expenses. Sometimes called "medical insurance," Part B helps pay for the Medicare-approved services you receive.
- Both Part A and Part B
- Full Medicaid benefits
- State Medicare Savings Programs
Medicare benefits always pay first, and Medicaid benefits assist with costs not fully covered by Medicare.
Medicaid will pay premiums and out-of-pocket expenses for dual-eligible Medicare beneficiaries. Medicare and Medicaid work together to cover costs, including long-term services. If you do not have full Medicaid benefits, Medicare Savings Programs (MSP)  may help cover some of those costs:
- Qualified Medicare Beneficiary (QMB) Program
- Specified Low-Income Medicare Beneficiary (SLMB) program
- Qualifying Individual (QI) Program
- Qualified Disabled and Working Individuals (QDWI) Program
Medicaid may also cover prescription drugs, eyeglasses, and hearing aids. Medicaid covers any qualified medical costs not covered by Medicare up to your state’s payment limit. A GoHealth licensed insurance agent can help you navigate enrollment, identify available subsidies, and find the right coverage. You may also find information on your state’s Medicaid website.
Your state determines Medicaid services. Original Medicare coverage includes Part A (hospital) and Part B (medical). It is important to know that your state government sets the rules, regulations, and policies for Medicaid within federal guidelines. Federally administered Medicare Part A and Part B coverage is standardized for all beneficiaries  throughout the United States.
Your Medicare Part A and Part B benefits do not change with dual-eligibility, but the level of Medicaid coverage may vary. Whether you qualify for “partial” or “full” dual eligibility depends on your income and assets. Partial coverage may include Medicaid coverage for expenses like Medicare premiumsA premium is a fee you pay to your insurance company for a health plan coverage. This is usually a monthly cost. for Part A and Part B , deductiblesA deductible is the amount you pay out of pocket before your insurance company covers its portion of your medical bills. For example: If your deductible is $1,000, your insurance company will not cover any costs until you pay the first $1,000 yourself., and co-insuranceCoinsurance is the percentage of your medical costs that you pay after you meet your deductible. The remaining amount is paid by your insurance company. For example: If you have a $1,000 medical bill and your coinsurance is 20%, you'll pay $200. Your insurance company will cover the final $800.. Full coverage consists of the same benefits as partial coverage and may include services not covered by Medicare like long-term care.
Dual-eligibility can limit individual costs for beneficiaries. For those with Medicare, state Medicaid programs will pay for many cost-sharing and out-of-pocket expenses for medical services. For any service you receive, Medicare pays first and covers all eligible costs. Any qualified costs not covered by Medicare will be covered by Medicaid.
Can I Change Plans If I’m Dual-Eligible?
Yes. If you have Medicare and full Medicaid coverage, you can change plans once per calendar quarter for the first three quarters. The new plan will take effect the first of the following month.
January 1 – March 31
April 1 – June 30
July 1 – September 30
Fourth quarter changes must be made during the Annual Enrollment Period, which runs between October 15 and December 7, and will go into effect January 1.
Where do I apply for Medicaid?
You can apply through your state health department’s website, over the phone, or even by mail.
What is the history of Medicaid, and how is it tied to Medicare?
Medicaid and Medicare share a birthday, both born on July 30, 1965, when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed legislation creating a pair of programs designed to improve the healthcare options available to Americans.
hile Medicare is a federal program focused on assisting Americans beginning at age 65, Medicaid is a federal/state partnership focused on those in need, regardless of age. As of August 2020, Medicaid provides support to nearly 70 million Americans living with financial hardships, disabilities or both, with more than three-quarters of states having adopted the Medicaid expansion program that began in 2014.